Budget cuts will repeat a tragic history

The following article is from News from Indian Country, written by Mark Trahant

Tribal leaders went to Capitol Hill last week to make the case to protect American Indian and Alaska Native programs from the deep federal spending cuts that are about to hit.

Tribal Unity Impact Week included meetings, lobbying on Capitol Hill, and increased visibility about the impact of these cuts in Native American communities. “Tribes and tribal entities have patiently participated in the political process, but recognizing the urgency of these pressing issues, we are now increasing our call for congressional action,” says the letter signed by twelve leaders from the nation’s leading tribal and Native organizations. “We call on U.S. Congress members to stand with us today, so we might stand together stronger, in the future.”Indeed, many members of Congress did just that, standing with tribal  leaders. Indian Country always has friends in the Congress — people who are willing to go to great lengths to try and help out. (By the same  token, there are always members of Congress who go out of their way to  make life more difficult.)

But what makes this era so different is that the process trumps the power of individual members of Congress.

The deal to increase the federal debt, officially the Budget Control Act of 2011, requires $917 billion worth of cuts federal spending over the  next ten years. And if the Super Committee, and then Congress on an up  or down vote, fails to enact an additional $1.2 trillion in cuts by Jan. 15, then across-the-board spending cuts would start in fiscal year  2013.

That means an individual member of Congress — even a congressional  committee — cannot put money back into the budget after it has been  stripped by the Super Committee or the across-the-board action.

How big are those automatic cuts?

The Centers for Budget and Policy Priorities estimate that non-defense  programs would be hit with cuts of 9.3 percent — as well as 2 percent  for the maximum cut in certain health care areas, including much of the  Indian Health Service. (CBPP uses a different formula than the  Congressional Budget Office. CBO estimates that budget cuts will range  from 7.8 percent in 2013 to 5.5 percent in 2021.)

To get a sense of what that means, scroll through any tribal directory  and look for the programs funded by the federal government. Now imagine a shrinkage of roughly ten percent for programs such as police, courts,  credit, domestic violence intervention, early childhood, environmental  protection, housing, schools, elderly nutrition, wildlife management and more. This comes at time when services are in high demand because of  the state of the economy.

A nearly ten percent budget cut, however, is often even deeper than that because money must be found to pay for the immediate costs of layoffs  and other obligations.

And while the budget control act protects some health care programs,  that’s not the whole story. Consider the IHS budget itself. The total  appropriations this year through the continuing resolution (or a “temporary” spending law) is roughly $4 billion (program collections  from insurance programs are not included here). The administration’s  request is for $4.6 billion next year — but that’s unlikely because  neither the Democrats nor the Republicans have enough votes to actually  pass a budget in the House or the Senate. What’s more likely is another  continuing resolution … so the 2 percent cut would therefore come from that base, not the president’s request.

If you go back and chart the federal government’s appropriations for  American Indian programs there’s a steady increase virtually every year  in the 20th century. However in 1932 spending on Indian programs dropped from $26 million to $22 million in 1933 or 15 percent. Then in 1934  those programs were cut again to $19 million or a 13 percent cut from  the year before.

The early days of the Great depression were bleak in Indian Country. It’s a history not worth repeating.

Mark Trahant is a writer, speaker and Twitter poet. He is a member of  the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes and lives in Fort Hall, Idaho. Trahant’s  recent book, The Last Great Battle of the Indian Wars ,” is the story of  Sen. Henry Jackson and Forrest Gerard.
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